Journal Articles


"Why the Next “Cuban Missile Crisis” Might Not End Well: Cyberwar and Nuclear Crisis Management," a guest blog post for Mad Scientist Laboratory: Exploring the Operational Environment.


“Arms Control and the Trump-Putin Summit,” A project sponsored through the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies (IERES) at The George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs (2018).


“Nuclear Arms Control under Trump and Putin: End of the Road?,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies. V. 30(2) (2017), pp.170-186.

"The US NATO and Military Burden Sharing: Post-Cold War accomplishments and future prospects," Defense & Security Analysis. v. 33(3) (2017), pp. 115-130.


“Nuclear cyberwar and crisis management,” Comparative Strategy, v. 35(2) (2016), pp. 114-23.    

“Nuclear Deterrence in Cyber-ia,” Air & Space Power Journal, v. 30(3) (2016), pp. 54-63.    


“Nuclear Weapons and Anticipatory Attacks: Implications for Russia and the United States,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 28 (2015), pp. 1-24.    

“A New Cold War?” Missile Defenses, Nuclear Arms Reductions, and Cyber War,” Comparative Strategy, v. 34 (2015), pp. 1-17.

“Sun Tzu and Salami Tactics? Vladimir Putin and Military Persuasion in Ukraine," 21 February – 18 March 2014,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 27, no. 3 (2014), pp. 359-379.

“Cyber War and Deterrence Stability: Post-START Nuclear Arms Control,”  Comparative Strategy, v. 33, no. 3 (2014), pp. 279-286.

“Revisiting the Nuclear ‘War Scare’ of 1983: Lessons Learned Retro- and Prospectively,”  Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 27, no. 2 (April-June 2014), pp. 234-253.

“The Asian Attraction: Pivotal Priorities and Nuclear Dangers in U.S. Security Policy,”  Comparative Strategy, no. 2 (2014), pp. 177-188.

“Ukraine and the American Nuclear Arsenal,”  Atlantisch Perspectief (Atlantic Perspective), Journal of the Netherlands Atlantic Association (covering international politics and security), May 2014, pp. 23-27 with Adam B. Lowther.

“Nuclear Deterrence and Cyber: The Quest for Concept,”  Air and Space Power Journal, March-April 2014, pp. 87-107.  (Also published in Chinese language edition of the same journal).

“Airpower Diplomacy and Building Partnerships with India,” OUCIP Journal of International Studies, v. 2, no. 1 (January-June 2014), pp. 45-69, with Adam B. Lowther.

“Strategic ‘defensivism’ and post-reset blues: U.S.-Russian nuclear arms reductions, missile defenses and minimum deterrence,”  Defense and Security Analysis, v. 30, no. 1 (March, 2014), pp. 29-43.

“Russian Threat Perceptions and Security Policies: Soviet Shadows and Contemporary Challenges,” Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies, Issue 14/15 (2013).

“U.S.-Russian Strategic Arms Reductions: Nonlinear Challenges, Practical Opportunities,”  Orbis (Journal of the Foreign Policy Research Institute), v. 57, no. 4 (Fall, 2013), pp. 574-594.

“Obama’s Second Term: Prospects for Nuclear Arms Reductions,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 26, no. 3, July-September 2013, pp. 357-370.

“Missile Defenses and Nuclear Arms Reductions: Moving Deterrence Forward, or Backward?,” Strategic Studies Quarterly, v.7, no. 3 (Fall 2013), pp. 73-87.

“Missile Mayhem and Antimissile Angst: From Reset to Retro in U.S.-Russian Security Relations,”  Comparative Strategy, v. 32, no. 2 (2013), pp. 133-145.

“Russia and European Missile Defenses: Reflexive Reset?,” Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 68, 1st quarter 2013, pp. 10-15.  (Joint Force Quarterly is a  military and security studies journal for the Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff and is published by the National Defense University).

“Prospects for U.S.-Russian and NATO-Russian nuclear arms reductions: Obama’s second term,” World Defence Systems  (January, 2013), pp. 52-55.  (World Defence Systems is published by the Centre for Defence Studies at Kings College, London). 

“On Nuclear War: Deterrence, Escalation, and Control,”  Military and Strategic Affairs, v. 4, no. 3 (December, 2012), pp. 23-40.  Military and Strategic Affairs is published by the Institute for National Security Studies, Tel Aviv University.

“Missile Defense Malpractice: U.S.-Russian Relations and Nuclear Fallacy,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 25, no. 3 (July-September 2012), pp. 269-283.

“Chasing Its Tail: Nuclear Deterrence in the Information Age,”  Strategic Studies Quarterly, v. 6, no. 2 (Summer, 2012), pp. 18-34, (Strategic Studies Quarterly, the senior U.S. Air Force-sponsored journal for national and international security professionals, is published by Air University Press, Maxwell AFB, Alabama).

Minimum deterrence and missile defenses: what’s new, what’s true, what’s arguable,”  Defense and Security Analysis, v. 28, no. 1 (March, 2012), pp. 65-80.

“Minimum Deterrence and Missile Defenses: U.S. and Russia Going Forward,”   Comparative Strategy, v. 30, no. 4 (September-October 2011), pp. 347-362.

“Matrix of Nonlinearity: Minimum Deterrence, Missile Defenses, and Nuclear Arms Reductions,” Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 62, 3rd Quarter 2011, pp. 110-116.   

“Right-Sizing Russia’s Nuclear Deterrent: Offensive Reductions and Defense Uncertainties,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 24 (2011), pp. 1-11.

“Nuclear Crisis Management and “Cyberwar:” Phishing for Trouble?” Strategic Studies Quarterly, v. 5, no. 1 (Spring, 2011), pp. 117-131.

“Forever young: START and aftermath,” European Security, v. 20, no. 1 (March, 2011), pp. 143-154.

“Nuclear Arms Reductions after New START: Incremental or Transformative?”  Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 24, no. 1 (January-March 2011), pp. 1-25.

“New START or Not? U.S.-Russian Nuclear Arms Reductions in Perspective,” Comparative Strategy, v. 29, no. 3 (July-August 2010), pp. 260-277.

“Post-START, Re-START and New Start: Defogging Russian-American Strategic Nuclear Arms Control,” Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 57, 2nd Quarter 2010, pp. 94-102. 

“START Me Up,” National Defense University Press Blog, article on the debate surrounding U.S.-Russian New START agreement, July 22, 2010.

“Smashing Atoms: Post-START Rationality and Cold War Hangover,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 23, no. 1 (January-March 2010), pp. 1-26.


“Triad of Terror: Post-START Reductions in Broader Context,” European Security, v. 18, no. 2 (2009), pp. 201-226.

“North Korea and Nuclear Danger: Context and Policy Options,” Defense and Security Analysis, v. 25, no. 4 (December 2009), pp. 393-412.

“SORT-ing Out START: Options for U.S.-Russian Strategic Arms Reductions,” Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 55, 4thQuarter 2009, pp. 47-58. 

“Nuclear Arms Reductions, Abolition and Nonproliferation: What’s Ideal, What’s Possible, What’s Problematical?” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 22, no. 3 (July-September 2009), pp. 329-351.

“U.S. Strategic Nuclear Arms Control: Campaign Echoes and Obama’s Options,” Defense and Security Analysis, v. 25, no. 2 (June, 2009), pp. 175-192.

“Forward to Where? U.S.-Russian Strategic Nuclear Force Reductions,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 22, no. 1 (January-March, 2009), pp. 68-86.

“Russian and U.S. Missile Defenses: Continuing Contention or Possible Progress?” European Security, v. 17, no. 4 (2008), pp. 435-454.

“Russian-U.S. Nuclear Force Reductions and Nuclear Proliferation,”  Comparative Strategy, v. 27, no. 5 (October-December 2008), pp. 431-450.

“U.S.-Russian Nuclear Arms Control: Forward and Retro after 2008?” European Security, v. 17, nos. 2-3 (2008), pp. 209-226.

“Nuclear First Use: Prudence or Peril,” Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 51 (4th Quarter 2008), pp. 27-36.

"Taking the Lead: Russia, the United States, and Nuclear Proliferation after Bush" Air University, Curtis E. LeMay Center for Doctrine Development and Education, Research Paper 2008-2, Air Force Research Institute, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, December 2008. 

“Anticipatory Attacks: Nuclear Crisis Stability in Future Asia,” Comparative Strategy, v. 27, no. 2 (March-April 2008), pp. 113-132.

“Connecting the Dots: Nuclear Arms Control and Proliferation after Bush and Putin,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 21, no. 2 (April-June 2008), pp. 259-278.

“Byzantine War and Strategy: Pertinent Lessons for Today and Tomorrow,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 21, no. 1 (January-March 2008), pp. 1-16.

“Missile Defenses and Mother Russia: Scarecrow or Showstopper?” European Security, v. 16, nos. 3-4 (2007), pp. 289-306.

“Going Ballistic Over Missile Defenses: What Matters and Why,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 20, no. 4 (October-December 2007), pp. 449-474.

“Russia’s Strategic Nuclear Deterrent: Realistic or Uncertain?” Comparative Strategy, v. 26, no. 3 (2007), pp. 185-203.

“Nuclear Arms in Asia: Theory and Policy Issues,” Comparative Strategy, v. 26, no. 2 (March – April, 2007), pp. 127-140.

“Nuclear Proliferation and Deterrence in Asia: The View from Vladivostok,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 20, no. 1 (January-March 2007), pp. 61-79.

Russian Security and Air Power, 1992-2002: The Development of Russian Security Thinking under Yeltsin and Putin and its Consequences for the Air Forces, by Marcel de Haas (London: Frank Cass, 2004), reviewed in Slavic Review, v. 66, no. 1 (Spring 2007), pp. 159-160.

“Parity in Peril? The Continuing Vitality of Russian-U.S. Strategic Nuclear Deterrence,” Contemporary Security Policy, v. 27, no. 3 (December, 2006), pp. 417-434.

“Strategic Reassurance in a Proliferation-Permissive World: American and Russian Options,” Defense and Security Analysis, v. 22, no. 3 (September, 2006), pp. 221-239.

“Nuclear Force Reductions, Missile Defenses, and U.S.-Russian Relations: Managing Contextual Complexity,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 19, no. 3 (September, 2006), pp. 469-487.

Military Power: Explaining Victory and Defeat in Modern Battle, by Stephen Biddle (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), reviewed in Contemporary Security Policy, v. 27, no. 2 (August, 2006), pp. 344-346.

“Military Persuasion, Intelligence and the War on Terror,” Defense and Security Analysis, v. 22, no. 1 (March, 2006), pp. 61-72.

“Russia and Missile Defenses,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 19, no. 1 (March, 2006), pp. 1-24.

“Missile Defenses in a “Deuces Wild” Context: Proliferation, Terror and Deterrent Disorder,” Comparative Strategy, v. 25, No. 1 (January-March 2006), pp. 1-18.

“Military Persuasion at Home and Abroad: A Strategic and Political Challenge,” National Strategy Forum Review, v. 15, no. 2 (Spring, 2006), pp. 5-8.

Another Bloody Century: Future Warfare, by Colin S. Gray (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2005), reviewed in Comparative Strategy, v. 24, no. 5 (December, 2005), pp. 439-440.

“Nuclear Proliferation in Asia and Missile Defense,” Comparative Strategy, v. 24, no. 4 (October-November, 2005), pp. 313-326.

“East of Eden: Nuclear Weapons Spread in Asia,” National Strategy Forum Review, v. 14, Issue 4 (Fall, 2005), pp. 14-17.

“Nuclear Weapons in the Twenty-first Century: From Simplicity to Complexity,” Defense and Security Analysis, v. 21, no. 3 (September, 2005), pp. 267-281.

“Steering Through Rapids: Russian Mobilization and World War I,” Ch. 1 in Michael Neiberg,ed., World War I (Aldershot, England: International Library of Essays on Military History, 2005), pp. 3-25, reprinted.

“Transformation in Concept and Policy,”  Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 38 (Third Quarter, 2005), pp. 28-33.

“Nuclear Proliferation and International Systems,”  Defense and Security Analysis, v. 20, No. 4 (December, 2004), pp. 321-336.

“Towards a U.S.-Russian Security Condominium? The Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty and Nuclear Arms Control,”  Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 16, no. 3 (September, 2003), pp. 1-23.

“U.S.-Russian Security Cooperation and SORT,” The Nonproliferation Review, v. 10, no. 2  (Summer, 2003), pp. 105-122.

“Joint Doctrine: Engine of Change?” Joint Force Quarterly, Winter 2002-2003, pp. 90-95.  (with James J. Tritten).

“Nuclear Proliferation and Great Power Security,” Defence Studies, v. 2, no. 3 (Autumn 2002), pp. 77-102.  (Defence Studies is the journal of the Joint Services Command and Staff College, UK Ministry of Defence)

 “Russia’s Vanishing Deterrent,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 15, no. 3  (September, 2002), pp. 1-24.

“Nuclear Proliferation and ‘Realistic Deterrence’ in a New Century,” European Security, v. 11, no. 2  (Summer, 2002), pp. 33-47.

“Deterrence and Friction: Implications for Missile Defense,” Defense and Security Analysis, v. 18, no. 3 (2002), pp. 202-220.

“The Initial Period of War: Russia’s Soviet Heritage,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, v. 15, no. 2 (June, 2002), pp. 59-89.

“Can Teaching  Be Saved?” International Journal of Public Administration, v. 25, nos. 9 & 10 (2002), pp. 1079-1095.

“Russian Nuclear Command and Control: Mission Malaise?” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2 (June, 2001), pp. 1-28.

"Marginalizing Russia: The Wrong Move," Post-Soviet Armies Newsletter, "Insight" Vol. 1, Issue 3 (May, 2001),

“Fighting in the Seams: Small Wars and Peace Wars,” Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring, 2000), pp. 1-18.

"Year of Maximum Danger? The 1983 'War Scare' and U.S. - Soviet Deterrence," The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (June, 2000), pp. 1-24.


“International Policy: The Cuban Missile Crisis,” Journal of Management History, v. 5, no. 4 (1999), pp. 199-222.

“Accidental/Inadvertent Nuclear War and Information Warfare,” Armed Forces and Society, v. 25, no. 4 (Summer 1999), pp. 653-675.

 “Nuclear Crisis Management and Information Warfare,” Parameters: U.S. Army War College Quarterly, v. xxix, no. 2 (Summer, 1999), pp. 117-128.

“Information Warfare and Nuclear Conflict Termination,” European Security, v. 7, no. 4 (Winter 1998), pp. 69-90.

“Small Wars and Operations Other Than War: Russia in Search of Doctrine,” Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement, v. 7, no. 2 (Autumn, 1998), pp. 69-95.  

“Nuclear Deterrence in the Information Age,” NATIV: A Journal of Politics and the Arts (Israel), Vol. 11, No. 6 (November, 1998), pp. 33-43.

“Information Warfare and Nuclear Preemption,” National Security Studies Quarterly, Vol. IV, No. 2 (Spring 1988), pp. 1-14.

“Armies, States and Terrorism,” Strategic Review, Vol. XXVI, No. 1 (Winter 1998), pp. 46-53.

“Russia’s Nuclear Drawdown: Justice Delayed or Denied?” European Security, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Autumn, 1997), pp. 66-84. 

“The Cold War and Soviet Military Strategy,” The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (September, 1997), pp. 25-55.

“Russia and Nuclear Coercion: How Necessary? How Much?” The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (September, 1997), pp. 56-78.

“Command, Control and Cuban Missiles: A Crisis Revisited,” The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (March, 1997), pp. 11-49.

“McNamara, Memoirs, and Military Strategy,” American Veterans Journal (Journal of the Vietnam Veterans Institute). Vol. 5, No. 1-4 (1996), pp. 111-123.

"NATO Enlargement and Russia," Strategic Review, Vol. XXIV, No. 2 (Spring 1996), pp. 51-57.

"Proliferation and Peace: An Agnostic View,"  Armed Forces and Society, v. 22, no. 2 (Winter 1995/1996), pp. 211-233.

"Russia's Peacekeeping Potential in Military Context," Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Summer, 1995), pp. 154-165.     

"Deterrence Stability with Smaller Forces: Prospects and Problems," Journal of Peace Research, V. 32, No. 1 (February, 1995), pp. 65-78.

"Military Persuasion and the American Way of War,"  Strategic Review, Vol. XXIV, No. 4 (Fall 1994), pp. 33-43.

"From Deterrence to Denuclearization: US and Russian Nuclear Force Reduction Options,"  Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 7, No. 3 (September, 1994), pp. 421-442.

"Nonoffensive Defense and Strategic Choices: Russia and Europe After the Cold War,"  Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2 (June, 1993), pp. 166-202.

"Security in Europe After the Cold War, Part II:  Russian Military Options in Post-Soviet Turmoil,"  European Security, No. 3 (Autumn, 1993), pp. 365-379.

"Nuclear Weapons in the New World Order,"  Journal of Strategic Studies, No. 2 (June, 1993), pp. 173-199.

"Security in Europe After the Cold War,"  European Security, No. 2 (Summer, 1993), pp. 163-187.

"Behaviour Modification and the Cuban MIssile Crisis: From Brinkmanship to Disaster Avoidance,"  Arms Control, No. 2 (September, 1992), pp. 252-284.

"Intelligence, C3 and the Initial Period of War,"  Journal of Soviet Military Studies, Vol. 4, No. 3 (September, 1991), pp. 397-447.

"Separating Nuclear War from Politics,"  Arms Control, Vol. l2, No. l (May, 1991), pp. 35-7.

"Soviet Threat Perceptions and Escalation Control,"  Journal of Soviet Military Studies, Vol. 3, No. 4 (December 1990), pp. 545-585.

"Nuclear Deterrence and Escalation: Strategy without Control,"  Arms Control, Vol. ll, No. l.


"Mainstreaming Military Deception,"  International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Vol. 3, No. 4 (1989), pp. 509-535.

"Man over Machine in Soviet Command and Control," Signal, December 1989, pp. 91-95.

"C2 and War Termination," Signal, Vol. 43 (December, 1988), pp. 73-80.

"Conventional War in Europe: The Unavoidable Nuclear Backdrop,"  Defense Analysis, Vol. 4, No. 4 (1988), pp. 361-376.

"Extended Deterrence and Nuclear Escalation: Options in Europe,"   Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Fall, 1988), pp. 9-31.

"The SIOP: What Kind of War Plan?"  Airpower Journal, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Summer, 1988), pp. 4-11.

'NATO Strategy and Nuclear Weapons: A Reluctant Embrace,"  Parameters, U.S. Army War College Journal, Vol. XVIII, No. 2 (June, 1988), pp. 51-62.

"Amorphous Wars,"  International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring, 1988), pp. 73-90.

"Strategic Vulnerability: A Conceptual Reassessment,"  Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Winter, 1988), pp. 191-214.

"Launch Under Attack: The War Nobody Wanted,"  Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. XVIII, No. 2 (Summer, 1987), pp. 26-32.

"Trident II for Prompt Counterforce? A Critical Assessment,"  Defense Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 4 (1987), pp. 349-359.  (With Michael Altfeld)

"Doctrine and Deterrence," Society, Vol. 24, No. 5 (July/August 1987), pp. 61-65.

"U.S.-Soviet Command Reciprocity:  Interdependence of Survivable Leadership,"  Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Spring, 1987), pp. 353-369.

"U.S. Strategic Nuclear Deterrence," Air University Review, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 2 (January-March 1987), pp. 24-39.

"What Price Survivability,"  Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Fall, 1986), pp. 107-124.

"Soviet 'Blitzkrieg' in Europe: The Abiding Nuclear Dimension," Strategic Review, Vol. XIV, No. 3 Summer, 1986), pp. 67-76.

"Flexible Targeting, Escalation Control, and War in Europe,"  Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Spring, 1986), pp. 383-400.

"Counterforce Finite Deterrence; A More Stable Deterrent,"  Defense Analysis, Vol. 1, No. 3 (September, 1985), pp. 217-219.

"Superpower Strategies,"  Society, Vol. 23, No. 2 (January/February, 1986), pp. 43-51.

"Forever MAD: Essence and Attributes,"  Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Fall, 1985), pp. 95-107.

"Soviet Nuclear Strategies: Will They do the Unexpected?" Strategic Review, Vol. XIII, No. 4 (Fall, 1985), pp. 67-77.

"The Strategic Defense Initiative: Political Risks,"  Air University Review, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1 (November-December, 1985), pp. 24-37.

"Targeting for Nuclear Winter: A Speculative Essay,"  Parameters (Journal of the U.S. Army War College), Vol. XV, No. 3 (Autumn, 1985), pp. 8-15 (Co-author)

"Is A Soviet 'Bolt From the Blue' Impossible?"  Air University Review, Vol. XXXVI, No. 4 (May-June 1985), pp. 23-31. a>

"NATO Vulnerabilities: Is Defeat Possible?"  Military Review, Vol. LXV, No. 6 (June 1985), pp. 58-70.

"U.S. Strategic C3 Survival," National Defense, Vol. LXIX, No. 407 (April, 1985), pp. 50-54.

"The Sea Based Strategic Deterrent,"  National Defense, Vol. LXIX, No. 405 (February, 1985), pp. 27-31.

"Theater Nuclear and Conventional Force Improvements,"  Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Fall, 1984), pp. 115-129.

"U.S. Strategic C3I: A Conceptual Framework,"  Air University Review, Vol. XXXVI, No. 1 (November-December 1984), pp. 26-31.

"Counterintelligence: The Necessary Skepticism," National Defense, Vol. LXIX, November 1984, pp. 61-65.

"War-Fighting Deterrence and Alliance Cohesiveness,"  Air University Review, Vol. XXXV, No. 6 (September-October 1984), pp. 69-73.

"Warfighting Deterrence: Forces and Doctrines in U.S. Policy,"  Air University Review, (May/June 1983), pp. 36-42.

"Why Did the Soviets Attack the Korean Airliner?" National Defense, Vol. LXVIII, May-June 1984, pp. 77-79, 268.

"Midgetman: Major Problems,"  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, February, 1984, pp. 7-8.

"Ideology and Utopia in Nuclear Strategy," Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. XIV, No. 4 (1983), pp. 208-225.

"Defense of the National Command Authority," National Defense, Vol. LXVIII, No. 391 (October, 1983), pp. 20-21.

"Countervailing Strategy in Theory and Practice," in Deterrence, Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, Spring 1983.

Stephen J. Cimbala and Robert L. Stout, "The Economic Report of the President: Before and After the Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1978,"   Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. XIII, No. 1 (Winter, 1983), pp. 50-61.

"Law and the State: Principles of Political Right,"  Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. XIV, No. 1 (January, 1983), pp. 1-17


"International Relations Simulation Exercise."  Published in International Studies Notes, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Spring, 1976).  The exercise required students to simulate the behavior of states in international politics in three historical international systems.

"Priorities and Limits in Studying Foreign Policy,"  Policy Studies Journal, (Winter, 1974), pp. 158-161.

"Process and Paradox: The Significance of Arrow's Theorem,"  Theory and Decision, Vol. 4 (1973), pp. 51-64. Co-authored with E.I. Friedland.

"The Policy Sciences and Foreign Policy: An Introduction," in Stephen J. Cimbala (ed.), Policy Sciences and Foreign Policy: Process and Outcome, (Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., December 1972), pp. 379-386.  Special issue of the international journal Policy Sciences which emphasizes policy analysis, systems approaches and decision-making).

"New Myths and Old Realities: Defense and Its Critics,"  World Politics, Vol. XXIV, No. 1 (October, 1971), pp. 127-157.

"Foreign Policy as an Issue Area: A Roll Call Analysis,"   American Political Science Review, Vol. LXIII, No. 1 (March 1969), pp. 148-156.